CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS & CONSTRUCTION PRACTICES
Group A

Introduction to civil engineering materials-stone, timber, cement, steel, plastics, concrete.
Engineering properties of materials-density, strength (compressive, tensile, flexural, shear,
etc.), modulus of elasticity, fatigue, limit, creep, shrinkage, relaxation, permeability, fire
resistance. Materials and environment-effect of environment on materials. Classification of
environment-temperature, humidity, rain, fire.
Steel: Manufacture, rolled sections, properties, classifications.
Cement: Manufacture-wet and dry processes, constituents and constitution, properties-
setting, strength, durability, classification-high early strength, low alkali, rapid hardening.
Concrete: Constituents-coarse and fine aggregates, cement, water. Mineral admixtures-fly
ash, blast furnace, slag, silica fume. Chemical admixtures-air entraining, set retarding and
accelerating, super plasticising. Fresh concrete-workability, air content, segregation.
Hardened concrete-strength, hardness, modulus of elasticity, modulus of rupture. Special
concretes-fibre, reinforced, shortcrete, underwater, high strength. Deterioration and
durability-reinforcement, corrosion, carbonation, alkali aggregate reaction.










Group B

 

Bricks: Manufacture, classification. Other materials. Standardization and standards-need to
have standards and some common international standards. Relevant Indian standards
(commonly used standards to be listed with brief description). Quality control. Nondestructive
testing and evaluation.
Construction practices: Standards relevant to quality control at site. SafQuantities and estimation. Tender document. Contracts-unit rate, lumpsum, turnkey. Project
management-CPM, PERT, bar charts, pie diagrams, escalation, depreciation.

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